Monday 26th June, 2017
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Liberia: An African Peace Advocate departs

Liberia: An African Peace Advocate departs

Veteran journalist Ben Asante, who knew the late Liberian peace advocate, Ma Mary Brownell, pays her a tribute as many, including President Johnson Sirleaf, mourn her passing and burial in Monrovia this weekend.
In the early evening hours of October 1, 1990, the an­niversary of Nigeria’s In­dependence, the sight at Apapa Ports in Lagos seemed cut out from a scene from Ellis Island, the entry point for refu­gees coming to the United States up to the 1950s. That day the first shipload of refugees fleeing from the Liberian civil war rescued by a Nigerian ship arrived. People watched in sadness as women, children and the sick, who could hardly walk arrived at the Apapa Ports.
Among the many women and children who struggled down the walkway of that first ship to Apa­pa Ports was Ma Mary Brownell, the well known national and international educationist and peace advocate. Even at that time of her unscheduled arrival as a victim of the devastating war she was already advanced in age. Friends who rushed to Apapa on hearing of her arrival among the refugees had to fight back tears on seeing her followed by sev­eral others, including her own sisters, grandchildren and close relatives and others who simply followed her believing doing so would guarantee them a place of welcome in a country they had never been or planned to come to.
Ma Brownell was no stranger to Nigeria. Her first son, the present national security advi­sor to President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Dr. H. B. Fahnbulleh Jr, was not only born here but had over the years been known to previous governments in Nigeria and in the West African region either as a foreign minister or a radical politician and univer­sity lecturer. In quick succes­sion Mary Brownell was offered two bungalows one in Ikoyi by a top official of ECOWAS and the other in Victoria Island. Politely she turned down both offers and instead chose to remain with the group of women she came with and to stay in a home in Apapa where the group of women freely slept on any available space.
When the first round of the war had subsided Ma Mary Brownell returned to her be­loved country. Back in the Libe­rian capital Monrovia where she lived in the heart of the City on Ashmun Street, which, for many years acted as a Mecca for both Liberians and visitors from afar, especially many young people who wanted to learn something more than the ordinary about their country. This group includ­ed foreign government delega­tions, diplomats and students.
She and her family have long been an essential part of contem­porary Liberian political history. Her first husband H. B. Fahn­bulleh Snr, who was one of the early indigenous people to hold public office as an ambassador was put on trial on a trumped up charge of plotting a coup because of his friendship with a Chinese diplomat in Kenya. For this reason Ma Mary Brownell’s children, Fahnbulleh Jnr and his Sister Miatta (later to be­come a well known international songstar), were thrown into jail. Both of them were youngsters from college then. In at least one government that followed the coup in 1980 in that country Ma Brownell had her husband and two children playing a role in leadership during a most trau­matic time.
Except for the years she served as head of a number of national educational institutions and a short spell of tine as a commis­sioner on the National Election Commission, Ma Mary Brownell for many years remained an out­spoken public figure who spoke truth to power and worked hard for peace, for women and for na­tional causes. She worked hard for national unity in a country caught up in countless social problems, finally descending into civil war.
Years after official retirement she held no paid public office yet many were drawn by her person­ality and known principled stance on issues. To her admirers she was larger than life. This was true in a sense; Ma Brownell’s physical presence literally dwarfed others. In spite of Ma Mary Brownell’s lifelong devotion to peaceful causes twice she found herself caught up in the midst of war with hardly no way to escape until the arrival of ECOMOG troops. Liberia experienced at least two rounds of civil wars in 1989 to 1990 and in 1999. She was a vic­tim of both.
Her personal car was looted by rebels but she was unfazed by the experience, just like the late Arch­bishop Michael Francis who con­tinued his work in the war zone in spite of rebel killings. He walked to the Cathedral next to Ma Brownell’s house to take part in Easter Mass amidst gun battles in the street. Both showed courage and leadership in the face of dan­ger. All proved too much for Ma Brownell when the second round of fighting and the power struggle resumed inside the capital with rebel leader Taylor as president. She founded the Liberian Women Peace Initiative, convinced that women and children were the greatest victims of the war and therefore could not sit out but get involved in the search for lasting peace.
In a tribute to Mary Brownell, this is how President Johnson Sirleaf referred to her work at the critical time. “Liberia today is enjoying a decade of sustained peace because its women made invaluable contributions in peacemaking and peace building. From the onset of the civil war to the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement on August 18, 2003, the women of Liberia advo­cated for the unity of the country, to reverse territorial claims of the warring factions. By 1994, when all semblance of civility disap­peared, and women became the victims, a group of women, led by Mother Mary Brownell, orga­nized themselves into the Liberia Women Initiative (LWI) deter­mined that they needed to do more to restore the peace. Their multifaceted roles ranged from addressing the humanitarian needs of communities, advocacy, peaceful demonstrations, facili­tating dialogue among warring factions, and, finally, demanding and obtaining a hearing at the Accra peace table, as observers. The Initiative brought together women of all faiths, through the Interfaith Mediation Council, and women of different ethnic and interest groups”.
As committed she was to pub­lic causes, Ma Mary Brownell was down to earth and as humble and gracious in life; something rarely found in other leaders. She loved people and many were drawn to her. Outside her own biologi­cal children she often referred to many of us close to her as her “painless children” as she meant every bit of her words. If you go early morning to her house and knock at her door you would find her in a quiet devotion read­ing her Bible. In a soft voice, she would ask if you won’t mind join­ing her. On the main dining table there was always food available for the unexpected visitors. She personally ensured that anybody coming to her house is fed.
Those of us close to her have come to regard her as the con­stant star in our lives. She was always there as I hurried up the stairs to check on her on every visit to Monrovia. On March 12 this year our constant star finally dimmed. We lost her. She was in coma on the anniversary of her 88th birthday and finally passed away.
She was born on March 12, 1929, in Cavalla, Maryland Coun­ty. At age five, she was brought to Monrovia to begin her education. Her educational training began at the Suehn Baptist Mission in the then Bomi Territory, (now Bomi County) in 1937 when women were not yet in mainstream edu­cation. Following the completion of her primary education, she enrolled at the high school divi­sion of Liberia College known subsequently as Laboratory High School and Martha Tubman Academy, where she obtained her high school diploma.
She pursued studies in Educa­tion and first obtained a Bach­elor’s degree from Teacher’s College, University of Liberia, and later a Master’s from San Francisco State College (now University). She became a life­long teacher teaching at the St. Patricks School and later became principal of the Botswain School. She served as an administra­tor in the Monrovia Consoli­dated School System (MCSS), the Catholic School System and the Bong Mines School in Bong County.
For most of her life she worked on women issues and justice in­side and outside the country. Within Liberia she acted as an outspoken figure including being a peace advocate and a mother to the nation admired and followed by both Liberians and foreigners. By her death a mighty tree has fallen in the forest.

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