The Secretary General of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Dr. Mohammad Barkindo, has disclosed that its member countries lost about $1 trillion to oil price plunge in 2015 and 2016.
Barkindo disclosed this in his keynote address to the Fourth Nigeria International Petroleum Summit, in Abuja, on Monday, with the theme: ‘From Crisis to Opportunities, New Concepts’.
According to him: “In terms of foregone revenues to OPEC member countries during this oil cycle, collectively about one trillion dollars was lost as a consequence of the plunge in prices in 2015 and 2016.
“No member country of OPEC was insulated from the contraction in oil revenues during this cycle.
“This had a severe impact on the resources available to the Government to pursue its laudable development programmes.”
Similarly, he noted that while the 2020-21 recession was also caused by extraneous factors far beyond Nigeria’s borders, the devastating COVID-19 pandemic also severely impacted global oil demand and, again, exposing developing economies. Commenting further on the impact of COVID -19, he said that no nation or sector of the global economy was spared and by the end of March 2020, the world seemed a different planet to what it was at the beginning of that month.
“The most challenging period in this most challenging of years was April 2020″, he revealed.
Barkindo noted that the world economy contracted by 3.5 per cent year-over-year in 2020, global oil demand declined by 9.5 mb/d, dropping further by a staggering 22 mb/d in the month of April, 2020.
”In OPEC, we were stunned by things happening that we never imagined possible. On 20th April 2020, WTI went negative for the first time in history, with prices plummeting to less than $37 per barrel. Sellers were paying buyers to lift their crude.
“In response to this unprecedented situation, OPEC knew it had to act. Thankfully, we did not need to reinvent the wheel.
“We turned to the mechanism that had helped us emerge out of the 2015-2016 oil market downturn: the ‘Declaration of Cooperation (DoC).’ It was an effort to move from crisis to opportunity,” he stated.
Barkindo commended president Muhammadu Buhari’ s commitment and leadership in ensuring efficiency in the system.
“President Buhari and his government bravely rose to both of these great challenges. Deploying exemplary managerial skills, acumen and extraordinary prudence by diverting resources to the most productive sectors of our economy.
”The Government was able to revive growth. Nigeria speedily exited recession and returned to the path of growth.
“The government organised virus containment measures, campaigns to sensitise the population to the devastating impacts of the pandemic and promptly provided a much needed economic stimulus.
“This proactive response protected the economy from a more severe contraction. The government should be applauded for its quick and robust actions,” the OPEC scribe said.
Meanwhile, he announced that OPEC had revised its global economic forecast up to 5.5 per cent for 2021, but with the oil demand growth forecast remaining at 6mb/d.
”It should be borne in mind that the majority of this demand is back-loaded to the second half of 2021. A backward action structure remains in all major crude oil benchmarks.
”Additionally, we saw a draw of 6.9 mb month-on-month in OECD commercial oil stock inventories in April. This is 160 mb lower than the same time one year ago and 34 mb above the 2015-2019 average.
We expect to see further draws in the months ahead,” he added.